Common Types of Safety Showers and Eye Washes,Eye Wash Stations

emergency eye/face washes, OSHA/ANSI
February 27, 2019
Crocus Expo International Exhibition
March 14, 2019

Common Types of Safety Showers and Eye Washes,Eye Wash Stations

Emergency Shower and Eye Wash Station

Safety Showers

Ceiling Shower – This type is located overhead and is typically activated by a chain or lever.

Floor-mounted Combination Safety Shower/Eye Wash – This is a combination of a safety shower, an eye wash and in some cases a drench hose.

Deck mounted drench hose – Located on a lab bench, this type of safety shower is usually a hand held, squeeze handle activated unit, and is useful in spot-washing.

Eye Washes

Gravity Feed, Self Contained – These are stand-alone units with the water supply provided by pre-filled water tanks. They provide the worker with emergency eye wash treatment in areas of the building or plant inaccessible to plumbing.

Faucet-mounted – Provides continuous water flow while freeing hands to pin eyelids. It turns a standard faucet into a practical emergency eye wash station.

Laboratory Bench – Sprays with a squeeze handle and can be installed through the bench top for instant availability.

Swivel Eye Wash – Mounts on lab bench or counter top adjacent to sink. It swivels 90 degrees over the sink for use, or out of the way for storage.

Bowl mounted – Provides continuous water flow through a freestanding plumbed unit. The bowl may be directed to a floor drain or connected directly to a sewer connection for easy testing and use.


Get started by taking the following steps:

  • When working with chemicals, check their safety data sheets for first aid instructions
  • Select eyewash equipment: plumbed if water source is available, and self-contained if there is no water source
  • Place eyewash stations in proper locations, within a 10-second walking distance (about 55 feet) from a hazardous area. This is a new requirement as of 2016, so be sure to check the locations of your stations!
  • Make sure all parts work properly: valves, heads, and drainage system
  • Use potable water, i.e. water that is safe for drinking
  • Use tepid water: 60-100°F
  • Ensure eyewash uses correct water pressure: 0.4 gallons per minute for 15 minutes
  • Train employees on how to use an eyewash station
  • Label equipment and routes with appropriate signs
  • Test eyewash regularly: turn the system on once a week to flush the water


Must be located in an area that requires no more than 10 seconds to reach (consult a medical professional to determine the appropriate distance for harsh acids and caustics; high hazard=closer distance)
Located in a well-lit area and identified with a sign
Located on the same level as the hazard
Path of travel must be free of obstructions
If shut-off valves are installed in the supply line for maintenance purposes, provisions must be made to prevent unauthorized shut off

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