European Standard EN15154 Parts 2 and 5 and the internationally recognized ANSI Z358.
The 1-2014 standard specifies the performance requirements for industrial eyewash devices and emergency safety showers.
• The water temperature supplied by the safety shower should be between 16–38 °C (60–100 °F)
The risk of burns increases at temperatures above 38 °C (100 °F),
And there is an increased chance of harmful chemicals being absorbed into the skin.
Prolonged exposure to water below 16 °C (60 °F) increases heat shock or body temperature
too low risk and prevents the casualty from using a shower for 15 minutes
• Emergency safety showers should provide at least 76 liters of potable water per minute in the required spray pattern,
A minimum duration of 15 minutes is required.
• The eye/face wash should provide 12 liters of water per minute for a minimum of 15 minutes,
Make sure to decontaminate thoroughly.
• Equipment must be easy to use and operate, even if the victim is visually impaired.
• Shower and eyewash valves must be designed to keep the flush flow open without operator intervention.
Human hand fixed operation, and change from “off” to “on” in one second or less.
• Emergency safety showers should reach within 10 seconds and remain at the same height as the potential hazard.
• They must be in a prominent location, clearly visible, well lit and free of obstructions.
• Emergency equipment must be visually inspected and activated weekly and serviced at least once a year,
• A good maintenance program is necessary to ensure reliable and efficient emergency equipment.