All laboratories and workplaces where hazardous chemicals are present will be equipped with an emergency eyewash and shower station.
Specifications of Emergency Eyewash and Shower Stations
The emergency eyewash should be located within 10 seconds walking time from the location that eye contamination may occur. There should be no obstacles blocking the path to the eyewash, including but not limited to doors. The eyewash must also be located on the same floor as the area containing the hazard.
The temperature of the eyewash water is to be maintained between 60 °F and 100 °F (16 °C – 38 °C).
The emergency eyewash station requires potable water as its water source.
The eyewash should be able to be opened manually within one second, and water should be able to remain flowing until it is turned off by the user.
The water should be able to maintain a flow rate of at least 0.4 gallons per minute for at least 15 minutes, with a flow velocity low enough so as not to damage the eyes of the user.
The temperature of the water is to be maintained between 60 °F and 100 °F (16 °C – 38 °C) The height of the shower water column should be between 82 inches and 96 inches. The diameter of the water column should be at least 20 inches at 60 inches above the floor operation steps should be used to operate the emergency shower station in the case of an emergency: immediately go to the shower station in the case of harmful chemical exposure to the body.
There is no time to be wasted in getting to the shower because the first few seconds of exposure could cause irreversible damage.
Remove any contaminated clothing, shoes, or other attire.
Do NOT be bashful about removing clothes. If the primary location of spilled chemicals is to a clothed portion of the body, they will be saturated with chemicals.
Remove clothes carefully if they will come into contact with unexposed areas of body. In some cases, it may be more appropriate to cut clothes for prompt, safer removal.
Pull the shower lever to start the flow of the water and flush the affected area with water for at least 15 minutes. Seek medical attention.